You may find it difficult to believe but there is a country in Europe which is the only mosquito-free country in the world. Yes, that’s not an exaggeration. It actually has no mosquitoes. The country we are talking about is Iceland, one of the world’s most alluring tourist spots.
When you think of Iceland, the first thing that comes to mind is Northern Lights. Year after year, enchanting photos of the Northern Lights in Iceland get circulated on social media showing people that it is a phenomenal spectacle worth witnessing.
Iceland’s dramatic landscapes consisting of volcanoes, geysers, hot springs, glaciers and lava fields remain alluring aspects that have caught the imagination of many a traveler. However, the fact that Iceland has no mosquitoes makes it an even more attractive place to visit.
Mosquitoes are found in Iceland’s neighboring countries like Norway, Denmark, Scotland, even Greenland but not Iceland itself. There could be a scientific reason behind this. The possible reason why mosquitoes may have not colonized Iceland could be one of the following:
1. They have not reached Icelandic soil from the planes they are carried by;
2. If they reach Icelandic soil, then they have not found a place to lay their eggs;
3. The mosquito life cycle does not suit Icelandic conditions.
The third reason seems to be the most likely one for the absence of mosquitoes in Iceland. CHECK OUT Bathing in Iceland s Blue Lagoon is first on top 20 travel bucket list of millennials
Mosquito larvae live in water and feed on micro-organisms and organic material in the water. In Greenland and Northern Scandinavia, mosquito eggs hibernate beneath ice during the winter and hatch as flies as soon as the ice melts.
This happens in spring, as polar winters are continuous. However, Icelandic winters are variable and there can be a sudden rise and drop in temperatures.
Under these conditions when the eggs called pupa hatch, the mosquito would need to find prey from which to suck blood, then it would need several days for the eggs to mature, to meet a mate and lay the eggs in a pond or marsh.
Changes in climate in Iceland are so rapid that the mosquito does not have sufficient time to complete its life cycle. Under these conditions the egg or pupa would not be mature when temperatures dropped again and ice formed on the ponds.
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